Eye conditions become more common as we age and it’s all in your family history!
Our family history of eye health helps us know what to keep an eye out for.
For example, ethnicity is an important part of your family history as it affects your risk of certain eye conditions.
People of Asian or Afro-Caribbean descent are more likely to develop a common eye condition than other groups of our society.
So, it’s worth paying attention to your family’s eye health so you know what to look out for!
It’s also important to attend your regular sight test to increase the chance of early detection of an eye condition.
Usually, the earlier an eye condition is diagnosed, the easier it is to successfully treat or reduce further deterioration.
Who does my family history include?
When your optician asks about your family history of eye health, remember to mention your parents, grandparents, aunties and uncles.
Inheriting our parents’ eyes
Eye colour isn’t the only thing that we inherit from our parents!
We can also inherit a number of eye conditions such as glaucoma, cataract and astigmatism.
Knowing your family history is especially important if you’re a parent and your child is having a sight test. Please provide as much information as possible to your child’s optometrist.
Your family history tells an optician which common eye conditions you’re more likely to develop.
A regular sight test monitors symptoms and progression of any eye conditions.
Your optician will tell you when your next sight test is due. This is determined by your risk factors, including your family history.
It’s important to follow your optician’s advice as well as looking after your eyes on a daily basis.
Common eye conditions and ethnicity
People of Asian or Afro-Caribbean origin are more likely to develop a common eye condition than people of different origins.
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)
The Afro-Caribbean population have a greater risk of AMD under the age of 60 compared with the Caucasian population.
On the other hand, those of Caucasian origin are more likely to develop AMD over the age of 60 compared with those of Afro-Caribbean origin.
Those from an Asian background are more likely to develop cataract compared with those from an Afro-Caribbean or Caucasian background.
People of Afro-Caribbean heritage are 4 to 8 times more likely to develop glaucoma than those of Caucasian heritage.
People of Asian and Afro-Caribbean origin have a greater risk of diabetic retinopathy compared with people of Caucasian origin.
However, those of Asian heritage are 3 times more likely to develop diabetic retinopathy than those of Caucasian heritage.
While a refractive error isn’t an eye condition, it is a common eye disorder.
It occurs when the shape of the eye can’t focus light rays correctly.
People of Caucasian origin are more likely to develop a refractive error than people of Afro-Caribbean origin.
The importance of daily eye care
Looking after your eyes between visits to your optician is crucial.
Daily eye care can help to keep your eyes otherwise healthy, especially if your family history means you have a greater risk of an eye condition.
While healthy eyes may not prevent an eye condition, they may help to delay the onset or progression of an eye condition.