When we talk about eye health, it’s essential to be aware of your family’s eye health history.
Hereditary eye conditions in your family are just one of the risk factors of developing an eye condition.
Did you know that your family’s eye health history includes your parents, siblings, aunt, uncles and children?
Which common eye conditions are hereditary?
However, it’s key to remember that if your family has a history of a particular eye condition, it doesn’t necessarily mean you’ll develop it.
By having a regular sight test, if you do develop an eye condition, your optician can diagnose it early on.
In doing so, it can increase the success of treatment or management of the condition, and help you to continue living an enriched life.
If you have any eye health concerns, you should speak to your optician.
Primary open-angle glaucoma is the most common form of the condition, and it can be hereditary.
The NHS are vigilant if there’s a family history of glaucoma as it increases your chances of developing it.
Since the symptoms of glaucoma can often be unnoticeable, only a sight test can diagnose the condition.
Consequently, NHS England offers a free NHS sight test to if you:
Are over 40 and have a parent, sibling or child with glaucoma.
Have been told by an ophthalmologist (eye doctor) that you’re at risk of the condition.
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)
A family history of any macular disease increases your chances of developing age-related macular degeneration.
Similar to glaucoma, symptoms of AMD aren’t outwardly noticeable or painful, but a sight test can diagnose the condition.
Diabetic eye disease
While diabetic eye disease isn’t necessarily hereditary, diabetes in some cases can be genetic.
If you have diabetes, you should attend your diabetic screening, as it can diagnose diabetic retinopathy.
It can also be beneficial to have a general health check to monitor conditions like diabetes.
So, by being aware of your family history, you can help care for your eyes accordingly.
As a reminder, if you have any eye health concerns, you should speak to your optician.